An examination of employee retention strategy in a private organisation in Zimbabwe.


Malvern W. Chiboiwa, Michael O. Samuel* and Crispen Chipunza

Worldwide, a number of factors have been attributed to the increase in the level of employee turnover. The way people are paid, recognised and achieve salary advancement are critical factors in attracting, retaining, and motivating employees. The challenge for most organisations today is the formulation of an effective employee retention strategy that will help in retaining employees that are considered critical in attaining organisational goals. The prevailing hostile economic environment in Zimbabwe has made the formulation of a realistic retention strategy particularly difficult for managers in the face of an ever changing economic environment that is characterised by hyper inflation with a depleted labour market occasioned by skill emigration. This research was a case study of a major private sector medical laboratory company in Zimbabwe and was aimed at achieving the following objectives: identify the causes of employee turnover in the organisation, examine the current retention practices in the organisation, establish the effectiveness of the practices, and attempt a workable retention practice that could reduce the high rate of employee turnover in the organisation. Qualitative research design was employed using structured interviews as well as administering research questionnaire to all category of employees. The total population of the organisation nationwide comprised of 3820 employees with a sample size of 2240 respondents. The result of the research showed that labour turnover is higher amongst non-managerial employees. Similarly, majority of the employees would soon quit the organisation and lastly, the high rate of employee turnover in the organisation is largely attributed to poor reward system administration.

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