Assessment of the temporal change in groundwater quality when stored at different temperatures in household conditions, in the equatorial region of Central Africa


Moïse Nola*, Ernest Djarmaila, Norbert Kemka, Serge H. Zébazé Togouet, Nour-Eddine Chihib, François Krier, Pierre Servais, Jean-Pierre Hornez and Thomas Njiné

The study carried out aimed at assessing the impact of groundwater storage temperature at household conditions on the temporal evolution of electrical conductivity and the future of heterotrophic aerobe bacteria (HAB). The storage duration was 7 days and the considered temperatures were 3, 10, 18 and 25°C. The electrical conductivity during storage reached 829 µS/cm at 3 - 18°C and 850 µS/cm at 25°C. The maximum HAB abundance was 9 x 103 cfu/ml at 3°C, 41 x 103 cfu/ml at 10°C, 44 x 103 cfu/ml at 18°C and 93 x 103 cfu/ml at 25°C. At the 3rd and 7th days storage at 3°C, changes in bacterial abundances values were significantly in the same direction as those of electrical conductivity (P < 0.05). The highest cell apparent growth rate at the 3rd day storage was 0.249 d-1 at 3°C, 0.559 d-1 at 10°C, 0.924 d-1 at 18°C and 1.233 d-1 at 25°C. However, at the 7th day storage, it was 0.362 d-1 at 3°C, 0.497 d-1 at 10°C, 0.690 d-1 at 18°C and 0.672 d-1 at 25°C. At the 3rd day storage, a decrease in cell abundance was noted in 90% of samples at 3°C and the cell apparent inhibitory rate varied from 0.012 to 0.989 d-1. The storage of groundwater in households’ conditions for a long period would alter its bacteriological quality. 

Share this article

Awards Nomination

Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language

Indexed In
  • Index Copernicus
  • Google Scholar
  • Sherpa Romeo
  • Open J Gate
  • Directory of Open Access Journals
  • CiteFactor
  • Electronic Journals Library
  • Directory of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI)
  • OCLC- WorldCat
  • Publons
  • PubMed
  • Rootindexing
  • Chemical Abstract Services (USA)
  • Academic Resource Index