Genetically modified plants have been utilized for scientific research, the development of new colors in plants, the delivery of vaccinations, and the improvement of agriculture. To engineer plant genomes, physical techniques or the use of Agrobacterium for the delivery of sequences contained in T-DNA binary vectors can be used. Many plant cells are pluripotent, which means that a single cell from a mature plant can be extracted and used to create a new plant given the correct conditions. Genetic engineers can take use of this ability by selecting cells that have been effectively changed in an adult plant and then creating a new plant from them created that carries the transgene in every cell through a technique known as tissue culture.
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