Phytochemical and antibacterial screening of Anogeissus leiocarpus against some microorganisms associated with infectious wounds


A. Mann*, Y. Yahaya, A. Banso and G. O. Ajayi

Ethanolic extracts of the leaf, stem and root bark and the combination of the three parts of Anogeissus leiocarpus were investigated for in vitro antibacterial activity against clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa using agar diffusion techniques. The extracts of the plant parts showed higher antibacterial activity against S. aureus (15.80 �?� 0.85) than other tested organisms. The plant parts generally were found to contain important bioactive substances such as glycosides, phenols, tannins, saponins, alkaloids, steroids, ellagic acids and anthraquinones. These agents may be responsible for the antibacterial activity of this plant. 

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