Note on translocation activity in plants

Commentary - (2022) Volume 10, Issue 1

Venkat Babu*
*Correspondence: Venkat Babu, Department of Agriculture, South Valley University, Qena, Egypt, Email:
Department of Agriculture, South Valley University, Qena, Egypt

Received: 24-Feb-2022, Manuscript No. IJPAS-22-54651; Editor assigned: 26-Feb-2022, Pre QC No. IJPAS-22-54651; Reviewed: 12-Mar-2022, QC No. IJPAS-22-54651; Revised: 17-Mar-2022, Manuscript No. IJPAS-22-54651; Published: 24-Mar-2022


Translocation is a plant activity that transports nutrients and other substances over great distances within the organism. The phloem pathway, or phloem transport system, is the major foodconducting tissue in vascular plants, and translocation happens within a sequence of cells known as the phloem pathway, or phloem transport system. Nutrients are trans-located as solutes in a fluid termed phloem sap in the phloem.

Sugars, amino acids, and minerals are the most commonly trans-located nutrients, with sugar being the most concentrated solute in the phloem sap. These nutrients are used by various cell types to meet their daily needs or to store them for later use. Translocation is crucial for achieving optimal crop yield because it is responsible for delivering nutrients to developing seeds and fruits. It also takes into account the eventual nutritional composition of vital plant foods for humans.

Translocation also transports plant hormones, proteins, and nucleic acids throughout the plant. Hormones operate as cues or signals, causing distant cells to change their growth patterns or tweak their cellular machinery. The conversion of vegetative growing cells into reproductive tissues an improvement in root cells’ ability to absorb needed mineral ions from the soil (e.g., iron, zinc); or the synthesis of specific compounds in distant leaves to deter pathogens are examples of such signalling events. Plants can accurately recognise and adapt to shifting conditions or obstacles in their environment thanks to the translocation of information molecules.

Water on the surface of the cells of the spongy mesophyll and palisade mesophyll evaporates and diffuses out of the leaf when the plant opens its stomata to let in carbon dioxide. This is referred to as transpiration.

To replace the water lost from the leaves, water is collected from the cells in the xylem. Evaporation from the leaves pulls a continuous column of water up the stem in the transpiration stream. Water is replaced by water taken up by the roots as it flows through the xylem in the stem and leaf.

Although transpiration is an unavoidable side effect of photosynthesis, it has a purpose, carries mineral ions, cools the leaf when water evaporates, keeps the cells turgid, which supports leaves and herbaceous (non-woody) plants.

In the green sections of plants, which are usually leaves, photosynthesis produces glucose. After that, it’s turned into sucrose. In phloem vessels, sucrose is carried across the plant. It must be able to reach all of the plant’s cells in order for the sucrose to be converted back to glucose for respiration. Translocation is the transport of sucrose and other compounds such as amino acids around a plant. This occurs in general between the places where these substances are produced (sources) and the places where they are utilised or kept (sinks), In early spring, from sources in the root to sinks in the leaves, In the summer, from sources in the leaves to sinks in the root.

In the face of global climate change, translocation efforts are likely to become more frequent and larger. Translocations, on the other hand, have a low success record in the past and cost a lot of money.

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