A preliminary comparative study of rugby and football spectators´┐Ż?? attitudes towards violence.

Abstract


Andre D. Slabbert and Wilfred I. Ukpere*

Rugby and football (soccer) are both international sports, and economic entities in their own right, as evidenced by the growth in attendance and television viewership at the respective World Cups. The issue of sport as catharsis, or conversely, as aggression-generating event, has always been controversial. In order to assess the orientation of rugby and football spectators towards violence, 404 spectators were surveyed. Results indicate significant differences between rugby and football spectators, with football spectators exhibiting higher levels of aggression towards the referee and opposing players. It emerged that the concept of sport as catharsis is not a reality when the spectators’ side loses a match. A call is made for extensive education of all role players in football if the sport is not to be negatively affected.

Share this article

Awards Nomination

Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language

Indexed In
  • Index Copernicus
  • Sherpa Romeo
  • Open J Gate
  • Academic Keys
  • CiteFactor
  • Electronic Journals Library
  • OCLC- WorldCat
  • Eurasian Scientific Journal Index
  • Rootindexing
  • Academic Resource Index