Overview of plant growth and development


Parlak Abate*

Plant development is a multi-phase process in which two distinct plant forms succeed one another in subsequent generations. For example, the sporophyte is a diploid form created by combining gametes. When the sporophyte matures, it produces haploid (single-chromosome) spores, which eventually grow into the gametophyte generation. When the gametophytes achieve sexual maturity, they produce haploid gametes, which combine to start a new cycle.

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