The role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on agricultural crop productivity and ecosystem service: A review


Mulugeta Tufa Ejersa

Arbuscular mycorrhiza a constitute a key functional group of soil organism that can greatly contribute to crop productivity and ecosystem sustainability in new plant production strategies. The activity of soil microorganisms and microbial processes is reducing the environmental pollution which can cause by heavy metals and others adverse condition. AM fungi efficiently use for agricultural productivity in sustainable manner in which the diversity and function of soil microorganism is the decisive issue in the agrarian activities and ecosystem service. AM used to enhance the agricultural productivities and ecosystem stability by ameliorate the environmental stress. AM fungal species and diversity play the crucial role in bioremediation, nutrient and water uptake, improve of soil properties, generate and establish vary seeds, and improve the mineralization processes. AM fungal root colonization, the use of mycorrhizal crops in rotation used to increases the abundance of AM fungi in the soil which in turn treat toxic elements and thereby lead to improve agricultural productivities and stabile ecosystem service.

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