World trade organization pseudo-paradigm as a necessity for change: A qualitative study..


Mohammad Hossein Aghaei-Danshvar *, Sarkis L. Kantardjian, Esfandyar Omidbakhsh and Mohammad Khoshchehreh

Paradigm, the major motive engine of globalization in the present century in its modern sense has been the development of communications and the blast of information. Through a historical etymology we realize that the main generator of globalization process has been the scientific and cultural movement of renaissance and enlightenment times and In the present paper using the qualitative study approach, a historical-analytical investigation, through literature review method along with a survey of experts and specialists by using Focus Group Discussion (FGD) tool, we have tried to track the formation process of the World Trade Organization (WTO) as an economic pseudo-paradigm in the heart of universal paradigm of globalization. Based on this analysis, WTO is the natural and inevitable product of the universal globalization consequently, the industrial revolution and the advent of machine time which have laid the ground for the development of communication and information technologies. Finally, mentioned process provided appropriate context for globalization paradigm initiation. The heavily competitive atmosphere which under the shadow of universal globalization paradigm ruled social, political and economic realms of the world has been a reason for world wars and structural alterations which, in economics field, have necessitated the emergence of such international organizations as WTO. The economic, social and political changes of a period from 1920s until 1990s, which in turn are made due to the globalization paradigm, in general have laid grounds for the emergence of the World Trade Organization. Thus, as far as the globalization paradigm continues its existence, so does WTO as a natural obligation and consequence for the management of market economy system. The former GAT and WTO during their lifetime have had important influences on the development of trade and the process of resources distribution among countries of the world and simultaneously in order to realize its developmental goals in economics and people’s life quality have been effective to and acceptable extent. In any case, private entities and organizations as well as governments and nations (especially underdeveloped and developing countries) must recognize the dominance of the new situations even for the sake of their own existence and survival and organize their internal solution whether in terms of legislation and law or of economic and strategies in such way as to take advantage of the new situations as an opportunity. In case of non-intelligent non- strategic treatment, these situations may turn into a devastating threat which brings eventual mortality to the productive and commercial infrastructures of Countries and organizations.

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