A note on genetic engineered plants and crops

Opinion - (2022) Volume 10, Issue 1

Gowtham Roy*
*Correspondence: Gowtham Roy, Department of Microbiology, University of Carbondale, Carbondale, USA, Email:
Department of Microbiology, University of Carbondale, Carbondale, USA

Received: 24-Feb-2022, Manuscript No. IJPAS-22-54650; Editor assigned: 26-Feb-2022, Pre QC No. IJPAS-22-54650; Reviewed: 12-Mar-2022, QC No. IJPAS-22-54650; Revised: 17-Mar-2022, Manuscript No. IJPAS-22-54650; Published: 24-Mar-2022


Genetically modified plants have been utilized for scientific research, the development of new colors in plants, the delivery of vaccinations, and the improvement of agriculture. To engineer plant genomes, physical techniques or the use of Agrobacterium for the delivery of sequences contained in T-DNA binary vectors can be used. Many plant cells are pluripotent, which means that a single cell from a mature plant can be extracted and used to create a new plant given the correct conditions. Genetic engineers can take use of this ability by selecting cells that have been effectively changed in an adult plant and then creating a new plant from them created that carries the transgene in every cell through a technique known as tissue culture.

Experimentation with tobacco has led to a lot of progress in the field of genetic engineering. It was the first plant to be genetically modified, and it is used as a model organism in a variety of industries, including genetic engineering. As a result of the well-established transgenic techniques and procedures, it is one of the easiest plants to change. Arabidopsis thaliana is another important model organism for genetic engineering. It is easy to control due to its small genome and short life cycle, and it has many homologs to essential agricultural species. It was the first plant to be sequenced, has a wealth of bioinformatics resources, and may be altered simply by dipping a flower in a solution. Some genetically modified plants are solely for aesthetic purposes. They’ve had their colour, scent, flower shape, and plant architecture changed. The first ornamentals with genetically modified colour were sold commercially. Chrysanthemum and Petunia are two other ornamentals that have been genetically engineered. There are proposals to develop ornamentals that consume less water or are resistant to the cold, allowing them to be cultivated outside of their natural settings, in addition to enhancing aesthetic value.

Genetically modified crops are plants that have been genetically changed and are used in agriculture. The first crops are used for animal or human food, and they provide resistance to pests, illnesses, environmental conditions, spoilage, and chemical treatments. The second generation of crops tried to increase quality by changing the nutritional profile, which was common. Pharmacological agents, biofuels, and other industrially valuable goods, as well as bioremediation, are examples of non-food applications for third-generation genetically modified crops. Agricultural progress has three key goals increasing productivity, better working conditions for agricultural employees, and long-term sustainability. GM crops help by lowering pest pressure, boosting nutrient value, and enduring various abiotic stresses, all of which improve harvests.

Agricultural plants that have had their DNA altered using genetic engineering techniques are known as genetically modified crops (GM crops). To engineer plant genomes, physical techniques or the use of Agrobacterium for the delivery of sequences contained in T-DNA binary vectors can be used. The goal is usually to introduce a new characteristic to the plant that does not exist naturally in the species. Resistance to particular pests, diseases, and environmental conditions, as well as decrease of spoilage, resistance to chemical treatments, and increasing the nutrient profile of the crop, are all example s in food crops. Pharmaceutical agents, biofuels, and other industrially useful items, as well as bioremediation, are examples of non-food crops.

GM is a process that involves inserting DNA into the genome of an organism. To make a GM plant, new DNA is inserted into plant cells. The cells are usually grown in tissue culture before being turned into plants. The changed DNA will be handed down through these plants’ seeds.

All living species’ features are defined by their genetic makeup and how it interacts with the environment. An organism’s genetic makeup is its genome, which is made up of DNA in all plants and animals. Genes, or DNA sections that carry the instructions for generating proteins, are found in the genome. These proteins are responsible for the plant’s appearance. Plant genetic modification entails inserting a specific stretch of DNA into the genome of a plant to give it new or altered features. This could involve altering the plant’s growth pattern or making it disease resistant. The new DNA is incorporated into the genome of the GM plant, which will be present in the seeds produced by these plants.

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