Carbon Sequestration and Soil Chemical Fertility Improvements Due to the Use of Cover Crops


Beltran Marcelo Javier*

Global food demand generates a significant pressure on the natural resources used in its production. Soil is a complex system where crops grow, it is a reservoir of nutrients and it could be a potential sink of carbon (C). Within the soil organic matter (SOM) it is finally where the C is sequestered and the greatest amount of nutrients linked to the C cycle (Nitrogen (N), sulfur (S), zinc (Zn) and boron (B) are contained. Therefore, with practices that increase SOM levels, it is possible to sequester atmospheric C and improve the chemical fertility of soils, generating a win-win situation. Cover Crops (CC) are crops that do not have a commercial purpose and are generally used during the winter to cover soil decreasing erosion processes.

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