Cashew seedlings survival after planting is a major factor affecting cashew-based agroforestry systems productivity. This research investigated factors influencing cashew seedlings survival at juvenile stage for resilient and productive cashew-based agroforestry systems establishment in Burkina Faso. Different cashew seedlings clones were planted in three field experiment plots in south west region and the percentages of living, dead and stressed seedlings were evaluated after 15 months of experiment. Cashew seedlings clones survival was affected by rainfall, temperature and soil properties. The lack of sylvicultural practices application affected cashew seedlings clones survival. Cashew seedlings clones showed different adaptation potential to rainfall, temperature and soil parameters. Farmers training and raising their awareness on cashew sylvicultural practices and intensification research for selecting cashew clones adapted to different cashew production regions rainfall, temperature and soil parameters could contribute to improve cashew seedlings survival after planting for productive and resilient cashew based agroforestry systems.
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