Immune-diagnosis of latent toxoplasmosis in childbearing age women in rural areas in EL Geizera State, Sudan


Khalil Mohamed , Intisar EL Rayah*, Alia Bilal, EL Taib Gumaa, Ali Abdel Magid, Marek Maly and Petr Kodym

The current study is aimed to evaluate the prevalence rate of latent toxoplasmosis among childbearing women in rural areas in EL Geizera State. A total of 255 plasma samples were collected from two villages; AL Nuba and EL Massoudia in EL Geizera State, Sudan. and tested for Toxop-lasma gondii antibodies using three different screening tests (Latex Agglutination Test LAT,-Enzyme Link Immunosorbent Assay IgG, and Complement Fixation test (CFT) and one standard technique (Indirect Immunofluorescent Test (IIFT). The overall seroprevalence rate in the two villages was found 73.1%, using the standard method (IIFT). The prevalence rate was 60.7% in EL Nuba and 87.3% in EL Massoudia. The seroprevalence rate were found to be 62.3, 73.1, and 72.3% using the other three screening tests LAT, ELISA IgG, and CFT respectively. The prevalence rate was found increasing with age (p<0.001). Infection rate was higher in EL Massoudia village (p<0.001). This study indicated that there is a considerable rate of Toxoplasma infection among rural women and supported the concern that rural women in Sudan may be vulnerable to that infection. 

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