Social and cultural roots of health and disease from the perspective of medical sociology


Nasser Khodayari Shouti*

Objective: This article provides a model for research and practice to address the socio-cultural concerns of patients in the field of health care. Society is a kind of bedrock of disease and health; hence the view of disease and health varies from one society to another.

Design and method: Sociological literature review was used.

Findings: The health profession should meet the needs of patients before they are taken to the hospital and after discharge from the hospital; That is, measures to prevent the disease or make people less ill and the latter to reduce the recurrence of the disease. In fact, individuals can be considered social and cultural beings, and disease, in addition to the existence of disorders in biological relationships, disorders in social, cultural, economic, managerial and political relations that affect other aspects of a person's relationship. Therefore, health care is truly holistic and must address the whole of a patient's relationship-physical, mental, social and spiritual. The sociological literature shows that many patients want health professionals to pay attention to their social needs, but health professionals cannot be very effective in this regard. This is not an alien expectation from the definition of health from the perspective of the World Health Organization; complete physical, spiritual and social well-being was not just the absence of disease.

Consequences: Concerns and concerns are important to many patients, especially regarding social inequalities. Much remains to be done in understanding research on the social and cultural aspects of patient care and how to address social and spiritual well-being as well as physical well-being.

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