In international literature there is a hypothesis on a shift in medical profession between elite and basis professionists. Some authors are more radical, because they consider some medical specializations in different autonomous professions, sometimes in conflict between themselves. On the basis of these considerations, what does it mean to be a general practitioner in Italy nowadays? What is the relation-ship between doctors and patients in Italy? What are the relations in Italy, between doctors and other health professionals? The object of the research analysis is constituted by a sample of 1162 GP pro-fessionals who work in 38 Italian provinces located in 10 different regions. The data were collected with a questionnaire, composed by 60 questions, delivered through a face to face interview by trained inter-viewers. On the basis of Cluster analysis, 3 ways of interpreting the medical profession were detected: disaffected, enthusiastic and detached, the 3 identified possibilities to practice the medical profession – disaffected, enthusiastic and detached doctors - manifest themselves with different modalities especial-ly if considered at a geographic (and cultural) level while confirming the fact that to be doctors - and practice - is intimately connected with the concept of health (disease-sickness and well-being) that from every culture and every territory emerges.
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