Vaginal cytology and speculum


Dikr Wondimkun

Vaginal cytology allows a clinician determine whether a canine is actually in heat. Aid in determining the correct time to begin performing more expensive serum progesterone and Luteinizing Hormone (LH) assays for precise ovulation timing. In diestrus, superficial causes are replaced by parabasal and intermediate cells within one to two days of onset. Neutrophils are increased red blood cells may be absent or present. Bacteria is commonly observed a smear made during late fecund to early diestrus may appear similar to one made in early or mid proestrus. Shallow cells the biggest cells seen on a vaginal cytology and are gotten from the furthest layer of non-keratinized epithelial cells. They are polygonal fit, level, and frequently resemble being moved up. The cores are missing or pyknotic, which means little and dim.

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