Agricultural Growth Achieved by Irrigaton Development in India


Dr Gyanendra Singh

There has been phenomenal growth in agriculture with the adoption of bio and chemical technology advocated since ‘Green Revolution’ in 1960s. The high yielding varieties of seeds, better water management and area under cultivation enabled the farmers to increase the food grains production from 50.82 million tons in 1950-51 to 296.65 million tons in 2019-20 (5.82 times)1, 2. The wheat crop has recorded the highest increase in the production during this period (16.65 times) followed by oilseeds (6.48 times) and rice (5.75 times). The state of Punjab has recorded the highest yield of cereals (4672 kg/ha) and the state of Maharashtra achieved only 1489 kg/ha average yield due to poor irrigation (2019-20).

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