K Apoline Sondo

Background: In Burkina Faso, since the start of the epidemic with the number of cases reported across the country, all age groups of the population are concerned and children are not on the margins. in fact, a few cases have been identified in children or to put an end to the epidemic, the dynamics of the infection must be known at all stages of life and more particularly in children. Thus, through the few cases, we wish to describe the characteristics of pediatric cases of COVID 19 in Ouagadougou in Burkina Faso.

Methods: We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study which concerned children infected with SARS-CoV-2 from March 9 to June 30, 2020 and followed by a pediatrician in Ouagadougou in Burkina Faso. A favorable opinion for the use of the data was issued by the ethics committee.

Results: In this study 13 children with COVID 19 were recorded during this period, but the data was only usable in 10 patients. There were 5 boys and 5 girls. The average age was 7 years with extremes ranging from 7 months to 14 years. No child had a history of comorbidity. All the children presented minor forms with a favorable outcome. Fever, odynophagia and cough have been found in one, two and five children, respectively. In 8 patients, one of the family members had COVID 19.

Conclusion: Children seem to be relatively spared from severe forms of COVID 19 in Ouagadougou. However, children are most often healthy carriers, COVID-19 would be under notified in children and it could be a source of community contamination.

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