Exploitation of Agro-chemicals and its effect on health of farmers and environment on South-Eastern coast of Bangladesh

Abstract


Prabal Barua* and Saeid Eslamian

The study attempts to investigate the abuse of pesticides and its impacts on health of farmers and environment on South-Eastern Coast of Bangladesh. Quantitative and some of qualitative techniques were used for data compilation and data collection methods were primary and secondary. Primary data were collected through questionnaire survey and participatory observation method. In 150 samples and simple random techniques were administrated. Necessary data were analyzed in a sequential manner; coding, editing, tabulation and data processing have been done by manual and digital ways. Current study reveals that, farmers were used both types of fertilizers; organic and inorganic and simultaneously they were used different types of pesticides especially insecticides, herbicides and fungicides. Farmers unconsciously and unmeasured used of fertilizers and pesticides without used any safety measures. Consequently, they were affected different health problems such as skin disease, gastrointestinal tract, dental, borne, respiratory and methemoglobinemia problems. As well as degraded environmental quality particularly soil, water and soil microorganisms and destroyed environment friendly pest, insects and earthworms in cultivated areas. In order to, cultivate native high yielding variety, provide good seeds from Upazila agricultural office, used organic fertilizer, applied Integrated Pest Management (IPM), use suitable preventive measures during apply pesticides and applied top-bottom approach for sustainable pest management and increase production in the study area.

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