Precision viticulture and wildfire emergencies: Effects of smoke on the vine and localization of damage

Abstract


Brunori1 E, Biasi R, Maesano M, Moresi FV, Bellincontro A, Mencarelli F*

Lightning-ignited fires, one of the major bushfire causes are increasing also in Europe and in Italy reached the maximum annual flash density of Europe took places in hill and rural areas and caused direct damage burning thousands of hectares of native vegetation but also indirect cost on Mediterranean agro-ecosystems, as with smoke-exposure grape, that exhibits ashy characters resulting in wines described as smoke tainted and cause significant direct economic losses. Research activity clarified the uptake and the translocation of smoke taint to the fruit and wine, other focus on treatments in field and winery, but only little research focus on damage quantification and localization. Precision Viticulture (PV) carried out through Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) based visible images can act for in-field detection of smoke contamination and for quantifying damage at vines level. It is crucial tools to increase wine grower resilience to climate-related disaster risk (bushfire) and to ensure a financial compensation through insurance based on the estimation of threshold of damages.

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