Eating fruit and vegetables is highly recommended for good health. However, they can be a source of transmission of human parasites. The aim of this study was to contribute to our knowledge of the safety of raw fruit and vegetables sold in Abidjan. A cross-sectional study was conducted from April to June 2022, in the autonomous district of Abidjan, to search for human intestinal parasites in 5 fruits and vegetables: Lettuce, parsley, green onion, cabbage and tomato. Parasitological research consisted of direct examination of the rinsing water from the samples, combined with stained smears using the modified Zielh-Neelsen technique. The prevalence of parasitic infestation was 39.2%. Lettuce was the most infested vegetable (77.9%), followed by green onion (75.3%). Helminths were the predominant parasites, led by hookworms (76.8%). Protozoa included E. nana and E. coli. Samples purchased at production sites were more infested than at markets (p=0.000). This study reveals a high rate of parasitic infestation of fruit and vegetables in Abidjan. As a result, the population is exposed to the risk of contamination. The authorities must therefore take measures to protect traders and consumers.
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